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    1. L. Zhong, Y. Zhang, X. Wang, T. Zhu and S. X. Mao. Atomic-scale observation of nucleation- and growth-controlled deformation twinning in body-centered cubic nanocrystals. Nature Communications, 15, 560 (2024)
    2. X. Liu, C. E. Athanasiou, C. López-Pernía, T. Zhu, N. P. Padture, B. W. Sheldon and H. Gao. Tailoring the toughening effects in two-dimensional nanomaterial-reinforced ceramic matrix composites. Journal of Applied Mechanics, 91, 011003 (2024)


    1. L. Huang, D. Chen, D. Xie, S. Li, Y. Zhang, T. Zhu, D. Raabe, E. Ma, J. Li and Z. Shan. Quantitative tests revealing hydrogen enhanced dislocation motion in α-iron. Nature Materials, 22, 710–716 (2023)
    2. Y. Lu, Y. Chen, Y. Zeng, Y. Zhang, D. Kong, X.  Li, T. Zhu, X. Li, S. Mao, Z. Zhang, L. Wang and X. Han, Nanoscale ductile fracture and associated atomistic mechanisms in a body-centered cubic refractory metal. Nature Communications, 14, 5540 (2023)
    3. S. Stangebye, K. Ding, Y. Zhang, E. Lang, K. Hattar, T. Zhu, J. Kacher and O. Pierron. Direct observation of grain-boundary-migration-assisted radiation damage healing in ultrafine grained Au under mechanical stress. Nano Letters, 23, 3282–3290 (2023)
    4. Y. Liu, J. Ren, S. Guan, C. Li, Y. Zhang, S. Muskeri, Z. Liu, D. Yu, Y. Chen, K. An, Y. Cao, W. Liu, Y. T. Zhu, W. Chen, S. Mukherjee, T. Zhu and W. Chen. Microstructure and mechanical behavior of additively manufactured CoCrFeMnNi high-entropy alloys: laser directed energy deposition versus powder bed fusion. Acta Materialia, 250, 118884 (2023)
    5. L. Bu, Z. Cheng, Y. Zhang, H. Wu, T. Zhu and L. Lu. Trans-twin dislocations in nanotwinned metals. Scripta Materialia, 229, 115348 (2023)
    6. Z. Cheng, L. Bu, Y. Zhang, H. Wu, T. Zhu and L. Lu. Characterization of gradient plastic deformation in gradient nanotwinned Cu. Acta Materialia, 246, 118673 (2023)
    7. Y. Si, Y. Zhang, D. Chen, J. L. Wormald, B. S. Anglin, D. L. McDowell and T. Zhu, Atomistic determination of Peierls barriers of dislocation glide in nickel. Journal of the Mechanics and Physics of Solids, 178, 105359 (2023)
    8. S. Stangebye, X. Liu, L. Daza Llanos, Y. Yang, T. Zhu, J. Kacher and O. Pierron. Comparison of electrical sensing and image analysis for in situ transmission electron microscopy nanomechanical testing of thin films. Thin Solid Films, 787, 140125 (2023)


    1. J. Ren, Y. Zhang, D. Zhao, Y. Chen, S. Guan, Y. Liu, L. Liu, S. Peng, F. Kong, J. D. Poplawsky, G. Gao, T. Voisin, K. An, Y. M. Wang, K. Y. Xie, T. Zhu and W. Chen. Strong yet ductile nanolamellar high-entropy alloys by additive manufacturing. Nature, 608, 62–68 (2022)
    2. L. Wang, Y. Zhang, Z. Zeng, H. Zhou, J. He, P. Liu, M. Chen, J. Han, D. J. Srolovitz, J. Teng, Y. Guo, G. Yang, D. Kong, E. Ma, Y. Hu, B. Yin, X. Huang, Z. Zhang, T. Zhu and X. Han. Tracking the sliding of grain boundaries at the atomic scale. Science, 375, 1261–1265 (2022)
    3. Z. Li, Y. Zhang, Z. Zhang Y. Cui, Q. Guo, P. Liu, S. Jin, G. Sha, K. Ding, Z. Li, T. Fan, H. M. Urbassek, Q. Yu, T. Zhu, D. Zhang and Y. M. Wang. A nanodispersion-in-nanograins strategy for ultra-strong, ductile and stable metal nanocomposites. Nature Communications, 13, 5581 (2022)
    4. S. Chu, P. Liu, Y. Zhang, X. Wang, S. Song, T. Zhu, Z. Zhang, X. Han, B. Sun and M. Chen In situ atomic-scale observation of dislocation climb and grain boundary evolution in nanostructured metal. Nature Communications, 13, 4151 (2022)
    5. Z. Cheng, L. Bu, Y. Zhang, H. Wu, T. Zhu, H. Gao, and L. Lu. Unraveling the origin of extra strengthening in gradient nanotwinned metals. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the USA, 119, e2116808119 (2022)
    6. Y. Zhang, K. Ding, Y. Gu, W. Chen, Y. M. Wang, J. El-Awady, D. L. McDowell and T. Zhu. Modeling of microscale internal stresses in additively manufactured stainless steel. Modelling and Simulation in Materials Science and Engineering, 30, 074001 (2022)
    7. Y. Zhang, K. Ding, S. Stangebye, D. Chen, J. Kacher, O. Pierron and T. Zhu. Atomistic modeling of surface and grain boundary dislocation nucleation in FCC metals. Acta Materialia, 237, 118155 (2022)
    8. S. Stangebye, Y. Zhang, S. Gupta, T. Zhu, O. Pierron and J. Kacher. Understanding and quantifying electron beam effects during in situ TEM nanomechanical tensile testing on metal thin films. Acta Materialia, 222, 117441 (2022)
    9. A. Barrios, Y. Zhang, X. Maeder, G. Castelluccio, O. Pierron and T. Zhu. Abnormal grain growth in ultrafine grained Ni under high-cycle loading. Scripta Materialia, 209, 114372 (2022)
    10. J. Zhao, Y. Tang, Q. Dai, C. Du, Y. Zhang, D. Xue, T. Chen, J. Chen, B. Wang, J. Yao, N. Zhao, Y. Li, S. Xia, X. Guo, S. J. Harris, L. Zhang, S. Zhang, T. Zhu and J. Huang. In situ observation of Li deposition-induced cracking in garnet solid electrolytes. Energy & Environmental Materials, 5, 524–532 (2022)
    11. T. Zirkle, L. Costello, T. Zhu and D. L. McDowell. Modeling dislocation-mediated hydrogen transport and trapping in face-centered cubic metals. Journal of Engineering Materials and Technology, 144, 011005 (2022)
    12. J. Gao, J. Ding, Y. Zhang, T. Zhu and Q, Yu. Tuning the near room temperature oxidation behavior of high-entropy alloy nanoparticles. Nano Research, 15, 3569-3574 (2022)
    13. Y. Zhang, Q. Li, T. Zhu and J. Li. Learning constitutive relations of plasticity using neural networks and full-field data. Extreme Mechanics Letters, 52, 101645 (2022)


    1. H. Wang, D. Chen, X. An, Y. Zhang, S. Sun, Y. Tian, Z. Zhang, A. Wang, J. Liu, M. Song, S. P. Ringer, T. Zhu and X. Liao, Deformation-induced crystalline-to-amorphous phase transformation in a CrMnFeCoNi high-entropy alloy. Science Advances, 7, eabe3105 (2021)
    2. Y. Cheng, L. Zhang, Q. Zhang, J. Li, Y. Tang, C. Delmas, T. Zhu, M. Winter, M. Wang and J. Huang. Understanding all solid-state lithium batteries through in situ transmission electron microscopy. Materials Today, 42, 137-161 (2021)
    3. Y. Tang, L. Zhang, J. Chen, H. Sun, T. Yang, Q. Liu, Q. Huang, T. Zhu and J. Huang. Electro-chemo-mechanics of lithium in solid state lithium metal batteries. Energy & Environmental Science, 14, 602-642 (2021)
    4. S. Stangebye, Y. Zhang, S. Gupta, E. Hosseinian, F. Yu, C. Barr, K. Hattar, O. Pierron, T. Zhu and J. Kacher. Grain growth of nanocrystalline aluminum under tensile deformation: A combined in situ TEM and atomistic study. Materialia, 16, 101068 (2021)
    5. T. Zirkle, T. Zhu and D. L. McDowell. Micromechanical crystal plasticity back stress evolution within FCC dislocation substructure. International Journal of Plasticity, 146, 103082 (2021)
    6. T. Yang, H. Li, Y. Tang, J. Chen, H. Ye, B. Wang, Y. Zhang, C. Du, J. Yao, B. Guo, T. Shen, L. Zhang, T. Zhu and J. Huang. In situ observation of cracking and self-healing of solid electrolyte interphases during lithium deposition. Science Bulletin, 66, 1754-1763 (2021)
    7. Y. Li, X. Li, C. Du, H. Sun, Y. Zhang, Q. Liu, T. Yang, J. Zhao, C. Delmas, S. J. Harris, H. Chen, Q. Huang, Y. Tang, L. Zhang, T. Zhu and J. Huang. Degradation by kinking in layered cathode materials. ACS Energy Letters, 6, 3960−3969 (2021)
    8. Y. Chen, D. Chen, X. An, Y. Zhang, Z. Zhou, S. Lu, P. Munroe, S. Zhang, X. Liao, T. Zhu and Z. Xie. Unraveling dual phase transformations in a CrCoNi medium-entropy alloy. Acta Materialia, 215, 117112 (2021)
    9. K. Ding, Y. Zhang, A. J. Birnbaum, J. G. Michopoulos, D. L. McDowell and T. Zhu. Strain gradient plasticity modeling of nanoindentation of additively manufactured stainless steel. Extreme Mechanics Letters, 49, 101503 (2021)


    1. L. Zhang, T. Yang, C. Du, Q. Liu, Y. Tang, J. Zhao, B. Wang, T. Chen, Y. Sun, P. Jia, H. Li, L. Geng, J. Chen, H. Ye, Z. Wang, Y. Li, H. Sun, X. Li, Q. Dai, Y. Tang, Q. Peng, T. Shen, S. Zhang, T. Zhu and J. Huang. Lithium whisker growth and stress generation in an in situ atomic force microscope-environmental transmission electron microscope setup. Nature Nanotechnology, 15, 94-98 (2020)
    2. J. Wang, Z. Zeng, M. Wen, Q. Wang, D. Chen, Y. Zhang, P. Wang, H. Wang, Z. Zhang, S. X. Mao and T. Zhu. Anti-twinning in nanoscale tungsten. Science Advances, 6, eaay2792 (2020)
    3. Q. Liu, L. Zhang, H. Sun, L. Geng, Y. Li, Y. Tang, P. Jia, Z. Wang, Q. Dai, T. Shen, Y. Tang, T. Zhu and J. Huang. In situ observation of sodium dendrite growth and concurrent mechanical property measurements using an environmental transmission electron microscopy–atomic force microscopy (ETEM-AFM) platform. ACS Energy Letters, 5, 2546-2559 (2020)
    4. S. Gupta, S. Stangebye, K. Jungjohann, B. Boyce, T. Zhu, J. Kacher and Olivier N. Pierron. In situ TEM measurement of activation volume in ultrafine grained gold. Nanoscale, 12, 7146-7158 (2020)
    5. Y. Zhang, W. Chen, D. L. McDowell, Y. M. Wang and T. Zhu. Lattice strains and diffraction elastic constants of cubic polycrystals. Journal of the Mechanics and Physics of Solids, 138, 103899 (2020)
    6. Y. Zhang, Z. Cheng, L. Lu and T. Zhu. Strain gradient plasticity in gradient structured metals. Journal of the Mechanics and Physics of Solids, 140, 103946 (2020)
    7. K. Chu, M. E. Foster, R. B. Sills, X. Zhou, T. Zhu and D. L. McDowell. Temperature and composition dependent screw dislocation mobility in austenitic stainless steels from large-scale molecular dynamics. npj Computational Materials, 6, 179 (2020)
    8. Q. Zhu, Y. Hong, G. Cao, Y. Zhang, X. Zhang, K. Du, Z. Zhang, T. Zhu and J. Wang. Free-standing two-dimensional gold membranes produced by extreme mechanical thinning. ACS Nano, 14, 17091-17099 (2020)


    1. Q. Ding, Y. Zhang, X. Chen, X. Fu, D. Chen, S. Chen, L. Gu, F. Wei, H. Bei, Y. Gao, M. Wen, J. Li, Z. Zhang, T. Zhu, R. O. Ritchie and Q. Yu. Tuning element distribution, structure and properties by composition in high-entropy alloys. Nature, 574, 223-227 (2019)
    2. W. Chen, T. Voisin, Y. Zhang, J. Florien, C. M. Spadaccini, D. L. McDowell, T. Zhu and Y. M. Wang. Microscale residual stresses in additively manufactured stainless steel. Nature Communications, 10, 4338 (2019)
    3. G. Cheng, Y. Zhang, T. Chang, Q. Liu, L. Chen, W. Lu, T. Zhu and Y. Zhu. In situ nano-thermo-mechanical experiment reveals brittle to ductile transition in silicon nanowires. Nano Letters, 19, 5327-5334 (2019)
    4. H. Luo, B. Wang, K. Kim, S. Graham, O. N. Pierron and T. Zhu. Kinetics of environmentally assisted cracking in SiNx barrier films. Applied Physics Letters, 115, 051901 (2019)
    5. Q. Ding, X. Fu, D. Chen, H. Bei, B. Gludovatz,J. Li, Z. Zhang, E. P. George, Q. Yu, T. Zhu and R. O. Ritchie. Real-time nanoscale observation of deformation mechanisms in CrCoNi-based medium- to high-entropy alloys at cryogenic temperatures. Materials Today, 168, 436-447 (2019)
    6. D. Chen, L. L. Costello, C. B. Geller, T. Zhu and D. L. McDowell. Atomistic modeling of dislocation cross-slip in nickel using free-end nudged elastic band method. Acta Materialia, 168, 436-447 (2019)
    7. J. Kacher, T. Zhu, O. Pierron and D. E. Spearot. Integrating in situ TEM experiments and atomistic simulations for defect mechanics. Current Opinion in Solid State & Materials Science, 23, 117–128 (2019)


    1. Y. M. Wang, T. Voisin, J. T. McKeown, J. Ye, N. P. Calta, Z. Li, Z. Zeng, Y. Zhang, W. Chen, T. T. Roehling, R. T. Ott, M. K. Santala, P. J. Depond, M. J. Matthews, A. V. Hamza and T. Zhu. Additively manufactured hierarchical stainless steels with high strength and ductility. Nature Materials, 17, 63-71 (2018)
    2. R. Li, Q. Xie, Y. D. Wang, W. Liu, M. Wang, G. Wu, X. Li, M. Zhang, Z. P. Lu, C. Geng and T. Zhu. Unraveling submicron-scale mechanical heterogeneity by three-dimensional X-ray microdiffraction. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the USA, 115, 483-488 (2018)
    3. Q. Zhang, H. Chen, L. Luo, B. Zhao, H. Luo, H. Xiang, J. W. Wang, C. Wang, Y. Yang, T. Zhu and M. L. Liu. Harnessing the concurrent reaction dynamics in active Si and Ge to achieve high performance of lithium-ion batteries. Energy & Environmental Science, 11, 669-681 (2018)
    4. K. Kim, H. Luo, T. Zhu, O. N. Pierron and S. Graham. Influence of polymer substrate damage on the time dependent cracking of SiNx barrier films. Scientific Reports, 8, 4560 (2018)
    5. M. G. Boebinger, D. Yeh, M. Xu, B. C. Miles, B. Wang, M. Papakyriakou, J. A. Lewis, N. P. Kondekar, F. J. Q. Cortes, S. Hwang, X. Sang, D. Su, R. R. Unocic, S. Xia, T. Zhu and M. T. McDowell. Avoiding fracture in a conversion battery material through reaction with larger ions. Joule, 2, 1783-1799 (2018)
    6. Y. Li, X. Fang, Z. Qu, S. Lu, H. Li, T. Zhu, Q. Yu and X. Feng. In situ full-field measurement of surface oxidation on Ni-based alloy using high temperature scanning probe microscopy. Scientific Reports, 8, 6684 (2018)
    7. G. Zheng, Y. Xiang, L. Xu, H. Luo, B. Wang, Y. Liu, X. Han, W. Zhao, S. Chen, H. Chen, Q. Zhang, T. Zhu and Y. Yang. Controlling surface oxides in Si/C nanocomposite anodes for high-performance Li-ion batteries. Advanced Energy Materials, 8, 1801718 (2018)
    8. L. Zhao, H. H. Wu, C. Yang, Q. Zhang, G. Zhong, Z. Zheng, H. Chen, J. Wang, K. He, B. Wang, T. Zhu, X. C. Zeng, M. Liu, M. S. Wang. Mechanistic origin of the high performance of yolk@shell Bi2S3@ N-doped carbon nanowire electrodes. ACS Nano, 12, 12597–12611 (2018)
    9. F. Wang, K. Turcheniuk, B. Wang, A. Song, X. Ren, A. Vallamattam, A. Park, K. Hanley, T. Zhu, and G. Yushin. Mechanisms of transformation of bulk aluminum-lithium alloys to aluminum metal-organic nanowires. Journal of the American Chemical Society, 140, 12493−12500 (2018)


    1. L. Wang, P. Guan, J. Teng, P. Liu, D. Chen, W. Xie, D. Kong, S. Zhang, T. Zhu, Z. Zhang, E. Ma, M. W. Chen and X. Han. New twinning route in face-centered cubic nanocrystalline metals. Nature Communications, 8, 2142 (2017)
    2. L. Wang, D. Kong, Y. Zhang, L. Xiao, Y. Lu, Z. Chen, Z. Zhang, J. Zou, T. Zhu and X. Han. Mechanically driven grain boundary formation in nickel nanowires. ACS Nano, 11, 12500-12508 (2017)
    3. E. Ma and T. Zhu. Towards strength-ductility synergy through the design of heterogeneous nanostructures in metals. Materials Today, 20, 323-331 (2017)
    4. S. Huang, D. Chen, J. Song, D. L. McDowell and T. Zhu. Hydrogen embrittlement of grain boundaries in nickel: an atomistic study. npj Computational Materials, 3, 28 (2017)
    5. S. L. Zhang, K. J. Zhao, T. Zhu and J. Li. Electrochemomechanical degradation of high-capacity battery electrode materials. Progress in Materials Science, 89, 479–521(2017)
    6. Y. Yang, X. Li, M. Wen, E. Hacopian, W. Chen, Y. Gong, J. Zhang, B. Li, W. Zhou, P. M. Ajayan, Q. Chen, T. Zhu and J. Lou. Brittle fracture of 2D MoSe2. Advanced Materials, 29, 1604201 (2017)


    1. Y. He, L. Zhong, F. Fan, C. Wang, T. Zhu and S. X. Mao. In situ observation of shear-driven amorphization in silicon crystals. Nature Nanotechnology, 11, 866-871 (2016)
    2. J. Lang, B. Ding, T. Zhu, H. Su, H. Luo, L. Qi, K. Liu, K. Wang, N. Hussain, C. Zhao, X. Li, H. Gao and H. Wu. Cycling of a lithium-ion battery with a silicon anode drives large mechanical actuation. Advanced Materials, 28, 10236–10243 (2016)
    3. K. Kim, H. Luo, A. K. Singh, T. Zhu, S. Graham and O. N. Pierron. Environmentally assisted cracking in silicon nitride barrier films on poly(ethylene terephthalate) substrates. ACS Applied Materials and Interfaces, 8, 27169–27178 (2016)
    4. J. W. Wang, H. Luo, Y. Liu, Y. He, F. Fan, Z. Zhang, S. X. Mao, C. Wang and T. Zhu. Tuning the outward to inward swelling in lithiated silicon nanotubes via surface oxide coating. Nano Letters, 16, 5815-5822 (2016)
    5. X. Zhou, D. Marchand, D. L. McDowell, T. Zhu and J. Song. Chemomechanical origin of hydrogen trapping at grain boundaries in fcc metals. Physical Review Letters, 116, 075502 (2016)
    6. F. Sansoz, K. Lu, T. Zhu and A. Misra. Strengthening and plasticity in nanotwinned metals. MRS Bulletin, 41, 292-297 (2016)
    7. M. T. McDowell, S. Xia and T. Zhu. The mechanics of large-volume-change transformations in high-capacity battery materials. Extreme Mechanics Letters, 9, 480-494 (2016)
    8. Z. Zeng, X. Li, D. Xu, L. Lu, H. J. Gao and T. Zhu. Gradient plasticity in gradient nano-grained metals. Extreme Mechanics Letters, 8, 213-219 (2016)
    9. T. Zhu. Mechanics of high-capacity electrodes in lithium-ion batteries. Chinese Physics B, 25, 014601(2016)


    1. J. W. Wang, Z. Zeng, C. R. Weinberger, Z. Zhang, T. Zhu and S. X. Mao. In situ atomic-scale observation of twinning-dominated deformation in nanoscale body-centred cubic tungsten. Nature Materials, 14, 594-600 (2015)
    2. X. Wang, F. Fan, J. W. Wang, H. Wang, S. Tao, A. Yang, Y. Liu, H. B. Chew, S. X. Mao, T. Zhu, and S. Xia. High damage tolerance of electrochemically lithiated silicon. Nature Communications, 6, 8417 (2015)
    3. X. Wang, Z. Pan, F. Fan, J. W. Wang, Y. Liu, S. X. Mao, T. Zhu, and S. Xia. Nanoscale deformation measurement with high-resolution transmission electron microscopy and digital image correlation. Journal of Applied Mechanics, 82, 121001 (2015)
    4. F. X. Wu, J.-T. Lee, F. Fan, N. Nitta, H. Kim, T. Zhu and G. Yushin. Hierarchical particle-shell architecture for long-term cycle stability of Li2S cathodes. Advanced Materials, 27, 5579–5586 (2015)
    5. Z. Zeng, X. Li, L. Lu and T. Zhu. Fracture in a thin film of nanotwinned copper. Acta Materialia, 98, 313-317 (2015)
    6. S. Narayanan, G. Cheng, Z. Zeng, Y. Zhu and T. Zhu. Strain hardening and size effect in five-fold twinned Ag nanowires. Nano Letters, 15, 4037-4044 (2015)
    7. H. Yin, H. J. Qi, F. Fan, T. Zhu, B. Wang, Y. J. Wei. Griffith criterion for brittle fracture in graphene. Nano Letters, 15, 1918-1924 (2015)
    8. A. K. Dickerson, X. Liu, T. Zhu and D. L. Hu. Fog spontaneously folds mosquito wings. Physics of Fluids, 27, 021901 (2015)


    1. P. Zhang, L. Ma, F. Fan, Z. Zeng, C. Peng, P. E. Loya, Z. Liu, Y. Gong, J. Zhang, X. X. Zhang, P. M. Ajayan, T. Zhu and J. Lou. Fracture toughness of graphene. Nature Communications, 5, 3782 (2014)
    2. L. Chen, F. Fan, L. Hong, J. Chen, Y. Z. Ji, S. L. Zhang, T. Zhu and L. Q. Chen. A phase-field model coupled with large elasto-plastic deformation: application to lithiated silicon electrodes. Journal of the Electrochemical Society, 161, F3164-F3172 (2014)
    3. J. W. Wang, F. Fan, Y. Liu, K. L. Jungjohann, S. W. Lee, S. X. Mao, X. H. Liu and T. Zhu. Structural evolution and pulverization of tin nanoparticles during lithiation-delithiation cycling. Journal of the Electrochemical Society, 161, F3019-F3024 (2014)
    4. Y. Liu, F. Fan, J. W. Wang, Y. Liu, H. L. Chen, K. L. Jungjohann, Y. Xu, Y. Zhu, D. Bigio, T. Zhu and C. S. Wang. In situ transmission electron microscopy study of electrochemical sodiation and potassiation of carbon nanofibers. Nano Letters, 14, 3445-3452 (2014)
    5. H. Yang, F. Fan, W. Liang, X. Guo, T. Zhu and S. Zhang. A chemo-mechanical model of lithiation in silicon. Journal of the Mechanics and Physics of Solids, 70, 349-361 (2014)
    6. Y. Zhong and T. Zhu. Phase field modeling of martensitic microstructure in NiTi shape memory alloys. Acta Materialia, 75, 337-347 (2014)
    7. R. Mirzaeifar, K. Gall, T. Zhu, A. Yavari and R. DesRoches. Structural transformations in NiTi shape memory alloy nanowires. Journal of Applied Physics, 115, 194307 (2014)
    8. Y. Liu, S. Zhang and T. Zhu. Germanium-based electrode materials for lithium ion batteries. ChemElectroChem, 1, 706-713 (2014)
    9. A. Patra, T. Zhu and D. L. McDowell. Constitutive equations for modeling non-Schmid effects in single crystal bcc-Fe at low and ambient temperatures. International Journal of Plasticity, 59, 1-14 (2014)
    10. S. Narayanan, D. L. McDowell and T. Zhu. Crystal plasticity model for bcc iron atomistically informed by kinetics of correlated kinkpair nucleation on screw dislocation. Journal of the Mechanics and Physics of Solids, 65, 54-68 (2014)


    1. J. W. Wang, S. Narayanan, J. Y. Huang, Z. Zhang, T. Zhu and S. X. Mao. Atomic-scale dynamic process of deformation-induced stacking fault tetrahedra in gold nanocrystals. Nature Communications, 4, 2340 (2013)
    2. W. Liang, L. Hong, H. Yang, F. Fan, Y. Liu, H. Li, J. Li, J. Y. Huang, L. Q. Chen, T. Zhu and S. Zhang. Nanovoid formation and annihilation in gallium nanodroplets under lithiation-delithiation cycling. Nano Letters, 13, 5212-5217 (2013)
    3. F. Fan, S. Huang, H. Yang, M. Raju, D. Datta, V. B. Shenoy, A. C. T. van Duin, S. Zhang and T. Zhu. Mechanical properties of amorphous LixSi alloys: a reactive force field study. Modelling and Simulation in Materials Science and Engineering, 21, 074002 (2013)
    4. S. Huang, F. Fan, J. Li, S. L. Zhang and T. Zhu. Stress generation during lithiation of high-capacity electrode particles in lithium ion batteries. Acta Materialia, 61, 4354-4364 (2013)
    5. W. Liang, H. Yang, F. Fan, Y. Liu, X. H. Liu, J. Y. Huang, T. Zhu, S. L. Zhang. Tough germanium nanoparticles under electrochemical cycling. ACS Nano, 7, 3427-3433 (2013)
    6. J. W. Wang, Y. He, F. Fan, X. H. Liu, S. Xia, Y. Liu, C. T. Harris, H. Li, J. Y. Huang, S. X. Mao and T. Zhu. Two-phase electrochemical lithiation in amorphous silicon. Nano Letters, 13, 709-715 (2013)
    7. X. H. Liu, F. Fan, H. Yang, S. L. Zhang, J. Y. Huang and T. Zhu. Self-limiting lithiation in silicon nanowires. ACS Nano, 7, 1495-1503 (2013)
    8. C. Peng, Y. Zhong, Y. Lu, S. Narayanan, T. Zhu and J. Lou. Strain rate dependent mechanical properties in single crystal nickel nanowires. Applied Physics Letters, 102, 083102 (2013)
    9. Z. You, X. Li, L. Gui, Q. Lu, T. Zhu, H. J. Gao and L. Lu. Plastic anisotropy and associated deformation mechanisms in nanotwinned metals. Acta Materialia, 61, 217-227 (2013)
    10. T. Zhu, J. Li and S. Yip. Atomistic reaction pathway sampling: the nudged elastic band method and nanomechanics applications. Nano and Cell Mechanics (Eds. H. Espinosa and G. Bao), Chapter 12, John Wiley & Sons, 313-338 (2013)


    1. X. H. Liu, J. W. Wang, S. Huang, F. Fan, X. Huang, Y. Liu, S. Krylyuk, J. Yoo, S. A. Dayeh, A. V. Davydov, S. X. Mao, S. T. Picraux, S. Zhang, J. Li, T. Zhu and J. Y. Huang. In situ atomic-scale imaging of electrochemical lithiation in silicon. Nature Nanotechnology, 7, 749-756 (2012)
    2. Y. Zhong, K. Gall and T. Zhu. Atomistic characterization of pseudoelasticity and shape memory in NiTi nanopillars. Acta Materialia, 60, 6301-6311 (2012)
    3. W. Wang, Y. Zhong, K. Lu, L. Lu, D. L. McDowell and T. Zhu. Size effects and strength fluctuation in nanoscale plasticity. Acta Materialia, 60, 3302-3309 (2012)
    4. Y. Zhong and T. Zhu. Patterning of martensitic nanotwins. Scripta Materialia, 67, 883-886 (2012)
    5. T. Zhu and H. J. Gao. Plastic deformation mechanism in nano-twinned metals: An insight from molecular dynamics and mechanistic modeling. Scripta Materialia, 66, 843-848 (2012)
    6. X. H. Liu, J. W. Wang, Y. Liu, H. Zheng, A. Kushima, S. Huang, T. Zhu, S. X. Mao, J. Li, S. Zhang, W. Lu, J. M. Tour and J. Y. Huang. In situ transmission electron microscopy of electrochemical lithiation, delithiation and deformation of individual graphene nanoribbons. Carbon, 50, 3836-3844 (2012)
    7. X. H. Liu, Y. Liu, A. Kushima, S. Zhang, T. Zhu, J. Li and J. Y. Huang. In situ experiments of electrochemical lithiation and delithiation of individual nanostructures. Advanced Energy Materials, 2, 722-741 (2012)
    8. H. Yang, S. Huang, X. Huang, F. Fan, W. Liang, X. H. Liu, J. Y. Huang, J. Li, T. Zhu and S. Zhang. Orientation-dependent interfacial mobility governs anisotropic swelling in lithiated silicon nanowires. Nano Letters, 12, 1953-1958 (2012)
    9. X. H. Liu, L. Zhong, S. Huang, S. X. Mao, T. Zhu and J. Y. Huang. Size dependent fracture of silicon nanoparticles during lithiation. ACS Nano, 6, 1522-1531 (2012)
      Highlighted in ACS Nano (February issue, 2012) PDF


    1. X. H. Liu, S. Huang, S. T. Picraux, J. Li, T. Zhu and J. Y. Huang. Reversible nanopore formation in Ge nanowires during lithiation-delithiation cycling: an in situ TEM study. Nano Letters, 11, 3991-3997 (2011)
    2. X. H. Liu, H. Zheng, L. Zhong, S. Huang, L. Q. Zhang, Y. Liu, A. Kushima, W. T. Liang, J. W. Wang, J. H. Cho, S. T. Picraux, T. Zhu, J. Li, J. P. Sullivan, S. X. Mao, Z. Z. Ye, S. Zhang and J. Y. Huang. Anisotropic swelling and fracture of silicon nanowires during lithiation. Nano Letters, 11, 3312-3318 (2011)
    3. Y. Liu, H. Zheng, X. H. Liu, S. Huang, T. Zhu, J. Wang, A. Kushima, N. S. Hudak, X. Huang, S. Zhang, S. X. Mao, X. Qian, J. Li and J. Y. Huang. Lithiation induced embrittlement of multi-walled carbon nanotubes. ACS Nano, 5, 7245-7253 (2011)
    4. L. Q. Zhang, X. H. Liu, Y. Liu, S. Huang, T. Zhu, L. Gui, S. X. Mao, Z. Z. Ye, C. M. Wang, J. P. Sullivan and J. Y. Huang. Controlling the lithiation induced strain and charging rate in nanowire electrodes by coating. ACS Nano, 5, 4800-4809 (2011)
    5. S. Huang and T. Zhu. Atomistic mechanisms of lithium insertion in amorphous silicon. Journal of Power Sources, 196, 3664-3668 (2011)
    6. Y. Zhong, K. Gall and T. Zhu. Atomistic study of nanotwins in NiTi shape memory alloys. Journal of Applied Physics, 110, 033532 (2011)
    7. A. Kushima, J. Eapen, J. Li, S. Yip and T. Zhu. Time scale bridging in atomistic simulation of slow dynamics: viscous relaxation and defect mobility. European Physical Journal B, 82, 271-293 (2011)
    8. B. Pant, B. L. Allen, T. Zhu, K. Gall, and O. N. Pierron. A versatile microelectromechanical system for nanomechanical testing. Applied Physics Letters, 98, 053506 (2011)


    1. T. Zhu and J. Li. Ultra-strength materials. Progress in Materials Science, 55, 710-757 (2010)
    2. S. S. Terdalkar, S. Huang, H. Yuan, J. J. Rencis, T. Zhu, and S. Zhang. Nanoscale fracture in graphene. Chemical Physics Letters, 494, 218-222 (2010)


    1. L. Lu, T. Zhu, Y. Shen, M. Dao, K. Lu and S. Suresh. Stress relaxation and the structure size dependence of plastic deformation in nanotwinned copper. Acta Materialia, 57, 5165-5173 (2009)
    2. T. Zhu, J. Li, S. Ogata and S. Yip. Mechanics of ultra-strength materials. Materials Research Society Bulletin, 34, 167-172, (2009)
    3. L. Lu, M. Dao, T. Zhu and J. Li. Size dependence of rate-controlling deformation mechanisms in nanotwinned copper. Scripta Materialia, 60, 1062-1066 (2009)
    4. S. Huang, S. Zhang, T. Belytschko, S. S. Terdelkar and T. Zhu. Mechanics of nanocrack: Fracture, dislocation emission, and amorphization. Journal of the Mechanics and Physics of Solids, 57, 840-850 (2009)


    1. T. Zhu, J. Li, A. Samanta, A. Leach and K. Gall. Temperature and strain-rate dependence of surface dislocation nucleation. Physical Review Letters, 100, 025502 (2008)
    2. Y. Zhong and T. Zhu. Simulating nanoindentation and predicting dislocation nucleation using interatomic potential finite element method. Computer Methods in Applied Mechanics and Engineering, 197, 3174-3181 (2008)
    3. A. Winkleman, L.S. McCarty, T. Zhu, D.B. Weibel, Z. Suo and G.M. Whitesides. Templated self-assembly over patterned electrodes by an applied electric field: geometric constraints and diversity of materials. IEEE/ASME Journal of Microelectromechanical Systems, 17, 900-910 (2008)


    1. T. Zhu, J. Li, A. Samanta, H. G. Kim and S. Suresh. Interfacial plasticity governs strain rate sensitivity and ductility in nanostructured metals. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the USA, 104, 3031-3036 (2007)
    2. S. L. Zhang, T. Zhu and T. Belytschko. Atomistic and multiscale analyses of brittle fracture in crystal lattices. Physical Review B, 76, 094114 (2007)
    3. E. Silva, C. Forst, J. Li, X. Lin, T. Zhu and S. Yip. Multiscale materials modeling at the atomistic and electronic scales. Mathematic Modeling and Numerical Analysis, 41, 427-445 (2007)
    4. S. Zhang and T. Zhu. Atomic geometry and energetics of carbon nanotube necking. Philosophical Magazine Letters, 87, 567-574 (2007)


    1. T. Zhu, Z. Suo, A. Winkleman, G. M. Whitesides. Mechanics of a process to assemble microspheres on a patterned electrode. Applied Physics Letter, 88, 144101 (2006)
    2. E. Silva, J. Li, D. Liao, S. Subramanian, T. Zhu and S. Yip. Atomic scale chemo-mechanics of silica: nano-rod deformation and water reaction. Journal of Computer-Aided Materials Design, 13, 135-159 (2006)
    3. T. Zhu, J. Li and S. Yip. Atomistic characterization of 3D lattice trapping barriers to brittle fracture. Proceedings of the Royal Society A, 462, 1741-1761 (2006)
    4. W.M. Zhu, D.E. Taylor, A.R. Al-Derzi, K. Runge, S.B. Trickey, J. Li, T. Zhu and S. Yip. Molecular dynamics tests of electronic structure encoding in pair potentials for SiO2. Computational Material Science, 38, 340-349 (2006)


    1. T. Zhu, J. Li, X. Lin and S. Yip. Stress-dependent molecular pathways of silica-water reaction. Journal of the Mechanics and Physics of Solids, 53, 1597-1623 (2005)
    2. T. Zhu, J. Li and S. Yip. Nanomechanics of crack front mobility. ASME Journal of Applied Mechanics, 72, 932-935, (2005)


    1. T. Zhu, J. Li and S. Yip. Atomistic configurations and energetics of crack extension in silicon. Physical Review Letters, 93, 205504 (2004)
    2. T. Zhu, J. Li and S. Yip. Atomistic study of dislocation loop emission from a crack tip. Physical Review Letters, 93, 025503 (2004)
    3. T. Zhu, J. Li, K. J. Van Vliet, S. Ogata, S. Yip and S. Suresh. Predictive modeling of nanoindentation-induced homogeneous dislocation nucleation in copper. Journal of the Mechanics and Physics of Solids, 52, 691-724 (2004)
    4. J. Li, T. Zhu, S. Yip, K. J. Van Vliet and S. Suresh. Elastic criterion for dislocation nucleation. Materials Science and Engineering A, 365, 25-30 (2004)


    1. T. Zhu, J. Li, S. Yip, R. J. Bartlett, S. B. Trickey and N. H. de Leeuw. Deformation and fracture of a SiO2 nanorod. Molecular Simulation, 29, 671-676 (2003)
    2. K. J. Van Vliet, J. Li, T. Zhu, S. Yip and S. Suresh. Quantifying the early stages of plasticity through nanoscale experiments and simulations. Physical Review B, 67, 104105 (2003)
    3. N. H. de Leeuw, Z. Du, J. Li, S. Yip and T. Zhu. Computer modeling study of the effect of hydration on the stability of a silica nanotube. Nano Letters, 3, 1347-1352 (2003)


    1. J. Li, K. J. Van Vliet, T. Zhu, S. Yip and S. Suresh. Atomistic mechanism governing elastic limit and incipient plasticity in crystals. Nature, 418, 307-310 (2002)

         [1999 & before]

  1. T. Zhu and W. Yang. Fatigue crack growth in ferroelectrics driven by cyclic electric loading. Journal of the Mechanics and Physics of Solids, 47, 81-97 (1999)
  2. T. Zhu and W. Yang. Crack kinking in a piezoelectric solid. International Journal of Solids and Structures, 36, 5013-5027 (1999)
  3. F. Fang, W. Yang and T. Zhu. Crack tip 90 degrees domain switching in tetragonal lanthanum-modified lead zirconate titanate under an electric field. Journal of Material Research, 14, 2940-2944 (1999)
  4. T. Zhu, F. Fang and W. Yang. Fatigue crack growth in ferroelectric ceramics below the coercive field. Journal of Materials Science Letters, 18, 1025-1027 (1999)
  5. W. Yang and T. Zhu. Switch-toughening of ferroelectrics subjected to electric fields. Journal of the Mechanics and Physics of Solids, 46, 291-311 (1998)
  6. W. Yang and T. Zhu. Fracture and fatigue of ferroelectrics under electric and mechanical loading. Fatigue and Fracture of Engineering Materials and Structures, 21, 1361-1369 (1998)
  7. T. Zhu and W. Yang. Toughness variation of ferroelectrics by polarization switch under non-uniform electric field. Acta Materialia, 45, 4695-4702 (1997)
  8. T. Zhu, W. Yang and T. F. Guo. Quasi-cleavage processes driven by dislocation pileups. Acta Materialia, 44, 3049-3058 (1996)